Bibliography

This bibliography is not exhaustive by any means.  If a work has been overlooked, and if you would like to have it included, please contact Merwin Studies.  Another bibliography that includes the uncollected work of Merwin, reviews, and dissertations can be found in Cary Nelson and Ed Folsom’s W. S. Merwin: Essays on the Poetry (Urbana: Univ. of Illinois Press, 1987).

Merwin’s Poetry

The Moon Before Morning. Port Townsend: Copper Canyon Press, 2014. Print.

The Collected Poems of W. S. Merwin. Ed. J. D. McClatchy. 2 vols. New York: Library of America, 2013. Print.

The Shadow of Sirius. Port Townsend: Copper Canyon Press, 2008. Print.

Migration: New & Selected Poems. Port Townsend: Copper Canyon Press, 2005. Print.

Present Company. Port Townsend: Copper Canyon Press, 2005. Print.

The Pupil. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2001. Print.

The River Sound. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1999. Print.

The Folding Cliffs:  A Narrative of 19th-century Hawaii. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1998. Print.

Flower & Hand:  Poems, 1977-1983. Port Townsend: Copper Canyon Press, 1997. Print.

The Vixen. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1996. Print.

The Second Four Books of Poems. Port Townsend: Copper Canyon Press, 1993. Print.

Travels. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1993. Print.

The Rain in the Trees. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1988. Print.

Selected Poems. New York: Atheneum, 1988. Print.

Opening the Hand. New York: Atheneum, 1983. Print.

Finding the Islands. San Francisco: North Point Press, 1982. Print.

Feathers from the Hill. Iowa City: Windhover Press, 1978. Print.

The Compass Flower. New York: Atheneum, 1977. Print.

The First Four Books of Poems. Port Townsend: Copper Canyon Press, 1975. Print.

The First Four Books of Poems. Port Townsend: Copper Canyon Press, 1975, 2000. Print.

Writings to an Unfinished Accompaniment. New York: Atheneum, 1973. Print.

The Carrier of Ladders. New York: Atheneum, 1970. Print.

The Lice. New York: Atheneum, 1967. Print.

The Moving Target. New York: Atheneum, 1963. Print.

The Drunk in the Furnace. New York: Macmillan, 1960. Print.

Green with Beasts. London: Hart-Davis, 1956. Print.

The Dancing Bears. New Haven: Yale UP, 1954. Print.

A Mask for Janus. New Haven: Yale UP, 1952. Print.

Merwin’s Prose

“Remembering Czesław Miłosz.” An Invisible Rope: Portraits of Czesław Miłosz. Ed. Cynthia L. Haven. Athens: Ohio UP, 2011. 74-79. Print.

“The House and Garden: The Emergence of a Dream.” The Kenyon Review 32.4 (2010): 10-24. Print.

The Book of Fables. Port Townsend: Copper Canyon Press, 2007. Print

Summer Doorways: A Memoir. Washington  D.C.: Shoemaker & Hoard, 2005. Print.

The Ends of the Earth:  Essays. Washington  D.C.: Shoemaker & Hoard, 2004. Print.

The Mays of Ventadorn. Washington  D.C.: National Geographic, 2002. Print.

The Lost Upland: Stories of Southwest France. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1992. Print.

“Translating Juarroz and Norén: Working Papers.” Translating Poetry: The Double Labyrinth. Ed. Daniel Weissbort. Iowa City: U of Iowa P, 1989. 138-143. Print.

Regions of Memory: Uncollected Prose 1949-82. Eds. Ed Folsom and Cary Nelson. Urbana: U of Illinois P, 1987. Print.

“Affable Irregular: Recollections of R. P. Blackmur.” Grand Street 1.2 (1982): 151-164. Print.

Unframed Originals: Recollections. Washington  D.C.: Shoemaker & Hoard Publishers, 1982. Print.

Houses and Travellers. New York: Atheneum, 1977. Print.

The Miner’s Pale Children. New York: Atheneum, 1970. Print.

 “On Open Form.” Naked Poetry. Ed. Stephen Berg & Robert Mezey. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill Co., 1969. 270-72. Print.

Merwin’s Translations

Selected Translations. Port Townsend: Copper Canyon Press, 2013. Print.

Porchia, Antonio. Voices. Trans. W. S. Merwin. Port Townsend: Copper Canyon Press, 2003. Print.

“Patience: A West Midlands Poem of the Fourteenth Century.” American Poetry Review 31.4 (2002): 3-7. Print.

Sir Gawain and the Green Knight: A New Verse Translation. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2002. Print.

Dante, Alighieri. Purgatorio. Trans. W. S. Merwin. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2000. Print.

East Window: The Asian Translations. Port Townsend: Copper Canyon Press, 1999. Print.

Sabines, Jaime. Pieces of Shadow: Selected Poems of Jaime Sabines. Bilingual ed. Trans. W. S. Merwin. Mexico & New York: Papeles Privados & Marsilio Publishers, 1995. Print.

Soseki, Musō. Sun at Midnight: Poems and Sermons. Trans. W. S. Merwin & Soiku Shigematsu. San Francisco: North Point Press, 1989. Print.

Juarroz, Roberto. Vertical Poetry. Trans. W. S. Merwin. San Francisco: North Point Press, 1988. Print.

Four French Plays. New York: Atheneum, 1985. Print.

Rueda, Lope de. From the Spanish Morning. Trans. W. S. Merwin. New York: Atheneum, 1985. Print.

Selected Translations 1968-1978. New York: Atheneum, 1979. Print.

Euripides. Iphigeneia at Aulis. Trans. W. S. Merwin & George Dimock. New York: Oxford UP, 1978. Print.

Mandelstam, Osip. Osip Mandelstam: Selected Poems. Trans. W. S. Merwin & Clarence Brown. New York: Atheneum, 1974. Print.

Persius. The Satires of Persius. Trans. W. S. Merwin. Port Washington: Kennikat Press, 1973. Print.

Asian Figures. New York: Atheneum, 1973. Print.

Neruda, Pablo. Twenty Love Poems and a Song of Despair. Trans. W. S. Merwin. London: Cape, 1969. Print.

Follain, Jean. Transparence of the World. [1st ed.]. Trans. W. S. Merwin. New York: Atheneum, 1969. Print.

Chamfort, Sébastien-Roch-Nicolas. Products of the Perfected Civilization:  Selected Writings of Chamfort. Trans. W. S. Merwin. New York: Macmillan, 1969. Print.

Selected Translations, 1948-1968. New York: Atheneum, 1968. Print.

The Song of Roland. New York: Vintage Books, 1963. Print.

The Life of Lazarillo de Tormes: His Fortunes and Adversities. Garden City: Doubleday, 1962. Print.

Spanish Ballads. Garden City: Doubleday, 1961. Print.

The Poem of the Cid. London: Dent, 1959. Print.

Interviews with W. S. Merwin

There are other interviews not yet listed here, many of them online.

Merwin, W. S. “W. S. Merwin: The ‘Sirius’ Side Of Poetry.” Interview by Terry Gross. npr. 21 Apr. 2009. Web. 21 Dec. 2011. Web.

Merwin, W. S. “W. S. Merwin.” Interview by Bill Moyers. Bill Moyers Journal. 26 June 2009. Web.

Merwin, W. S. “W. S. Merwin Interview:  Sweet Memoirs and Uneasy Dreamscapes.” Academy of Achievement. 3 July 2008. Web.

Merwin, W. S. “An Interview with W. S. Merwin.” Interview by Michael Ondaatje, Linda Spalding, & Sam Solecki. Brick 62 (1999): 14-19. Print.

Merwin, W. S. “‘This Absolutely Matters’: An Interview with W. S. Merwin.” Interview by J. Scott Bryson & Tony Brusate. Limestone 6.1 (1998): 1-8. Print.

Merwin, W. S. “An Interview with W. S. Merwin.”  Interview by David Elliott. Contemporary Literature 29.1 (1988): 1-25. Print.

Merwin, W. S. “Interview with W. S. Merwin [On Merwin and Neruda].” Quarry West 25 (1988): 76-82. Print.

Merwin, W. S. “Possibilities of the Unknown: Conversations with W. S. Merwin.” Interview by Michael Simms & Jack Myers. Southwest Review 68.2 (1983): 164-180. Print.

Merwin, W. S. “‘Fact has two Faces’:  An Interview with W. S. Merwin.” Interview by Ed Folsom & Cary Nelson. The Iowa Review 13.1 (1982): 30-66. Print. [Another iteration of this interview, with more material, appears in Regions of Memory, edited by Folsom and Nelson].

Secondary Books & Articles

Adolf, Antony. “Contemporary Epic Novels: Walcott, Merwin, Carson and the Birth of a ‘New’ Genre.” EAPSU Online: A Journal of Critical and Creative Work 1 (2004): 159-171. Print & Web.

Altieri, Charles. “Situating Merwin’s Poetry since 1970.” W. S. Merwin: Essays on the Poetry. Ed. Cary Nelson & Ed Folsom. Urbana: U of Illinois P, 1987. 159-197. Print.

Andersen, Kenneth. “The Poetry of W. S. Merwin.” Twentieth Century Literature: A Scholarly and Critical Journal 16.4 (1970): 278-286. Print.

Atlas, James. “Diminishing Returns: The Writings of W.S. Merwin.” American Poetry Since 1960 – Some Critical Perspectives. Chester Springs: Dufour Eds, 1974. 69-81. Print.

Atwood, Margaret. “The Mays of Ventadorn.” American Poetry Review 33.3 (2004): 29. Print.

Ayres, Susan. “‘Piper, Pipe That Song Again’: The Pied Piper Motif in the Poems of W. S. Merwin.” Journal of Evolutionary Psychology 18.1-2 (1997): 54-61. Print.

Benston, Alice N. “Myth in the Poetry of W. S. Merwin.” Poets in Progress: Critical Prefaces to Ten Contemporary Americans. Ed. Edward B. (ed.) Hungerford. 1962. 179-204. Print.

Bowers, Neal. “Jeffers and Merwin: The World beyond Words.” Robinson Jeffers and a Galaxy of Writers: Essays in Honor of William H. Nolte. Ed. William B. (ed.) Thesing. Columbia: U of South Carolina P, 1995. 11-26. Print.

—. “W. S. Merwin and Postmodern American Poetry.” Sewanee Review 98.2 (1990): 246-259. Print.

Brunner, Edward. “Opening the Hand: The Variable Caesura and the Family Poems.” W. S. Merwin: Essays on the Poetry. Ed. Cary Nelson & Ed Folsom. Urbana: U of Illinois P, 1987. 276-295. Print.

Brunner, Edward J. Poetry as Labor and Privilege: The Writings of W. S. Merwin. Urbana: U of Illinois P, 1991. Print.

Bryson, J. Scott. The West Side of Any Mountain: Place, Space, and Ecopoetry. Iowa City: University of Iowa Press, 2005. Print.

Bryson, J. Scott, and Roger Thompson. Twentieth-Century American Nature Poets. Detroit: Gale Cengage Learning, 2008. Dictionary of Literary Biography (DLB): 342. Print.

Bryson, J. Scott, ed. Ecopoetry:  A Critical Introduction. Salt Lake City: U of Utah P, 2002. Print.

Burt, John. “W. S. Merwin’s The Folding Cliffs.” Raritan: A Quarterly Review 19.3 (2000): 115-134. Print.

Byers, Thomas B. “Believing Too Much in Words: W. S. Merwin and the Whitman Heritage.” The Missouri Review 3.2 (1980): 75-89. Print.

—. “The Peace in the Middle of the Floor: W. S. Merwin’s Prose.” Modern Language Quarterly: A Journal of Literary History 44.1 (1983): 65-79. Print.

—. “The Present Voices: W. S. Merwin since 1970.” W. S. Merwin: Essays on the Poetry. Ed. Cary Nelson & Ed Folsom. Urbana: U of Illinois P, 1987. 250-275. Print.

—. What I Cannot Say: Self, Word, and World in Whitman, Stevens, and Merwin. Urbana: U of Illinois P, 1990. Print.

Christhilf, Mark. “Expressionist Imagery in the Poetry of W. S. Merwin.” Midwest Quarterly: A Journal of Contemporary Thought 27.3 (1986): 277-293. Print.

—. W. S. Merwin the Mythmaker. Columbia: U of Missouri P, 1986. Print.

—. “W.S. Merwin: The Poet as Creative Conservator.” Modern Age: A Quarterly Review 23 (1979): 167-177. Print.

Clifton, Michael. “Breaking the Glass: A Pattern of Visionary Imagery in W. S. Merwin.” Chicago Review 36.1 (1988): 65-83. Print.

Cohen, Jonathan. “Neruda in English: The Controversy over Translation Poetics.” Missouri Review 6.3 (1983): 176-192. Print.

Collins, Floyd. “A Poetry of Transcendence.” Gettysburg Review 10.4 (1997): 683-701. Print.

—. “Forms Open and Closed: The Poetry of W. S. Merwin.” The Gettysburg Review 7.1 (1994): 144-162. Print.

Conlogue, Bill. “Merwin and Mining.” Interdisciplinary Studies in Literature and Environment 18.3 (2011): 594 -614. Web. 19 Dec. 2011.

Contoski, Victor. “W.S. Merwin: Rational and Irrational Poetry.” Literary Review: An International Journal of Contemporary Writing 22 (1979): 309-320. Print.

Cook, Albert. “Metrical Inventions: Zukofsky and Merwin.” College Literature 24.3 (1997): 70-83. Print.

Davis, Cheri. W. S. Merwin. Boston: Twayne, 1981. Print. Twayne’s United States Authors Series (TUSAS): 360.

Davis, Cheri Colby. “Merwin’s Odysseus.” Concerning Poetry 8.1 (1975): 25-33. Print.

—. “Time and Timelessness in the Poetry of W.S. Merwin.” Modern Poetry Studies 6 (1975): 224-236. Print.

Davis, William V. “Days Polished with Ashes: W. S. Merwin’s Poetry of Immediate Moments.” Poet & Critic 21.3 (1990): 37-40. Print.

—. “‘Hinges Echo but Nothing Opens’: W. S. Merwin’s ‘December among the Vanished’.” Notes on Contemporary Literature 21.5 (1991): 4-5. Print.

—. “‘Like the Beam of a Lightless Star’: The Poetry of W. S. Merwin.” Poet & Critic 14.1 (1982): 45-56. Print.

Dean, J.S. “Crossing the Line from Portuguese to English.” Luso-Brazilian Review 10.1 (1973): 120-140. Print.

Fabbro, Régis. “Some Kafkaesque Echoes in W. S. Merwin’s The Miner’s Pale Children.” BELL: Belgian Essays on Language and Literature (2002): 63-74. Print.

Felstiner, John. “Between the Earth and Silence: W. S. Merwin’s Motion of Mind.” World Literature Today 82.4 (2008): 54-58. Print.

Finley, Robert. “The Riddle’s Charm.” Dalhousie Review 77.3 (1997): 313-322. Print.

Flory, Wendy Stallard. “Taking the Polynesians to Heart: Melville’s Typee and Merwin’s The Folding Cliffs.” “Whole Oceans Away”: Melville and the Pacific. Ed. Jill Barnum, Wyn Kelley, & Christopher Sten. Kent, OH: Kent State UP, 2007. 265-278. Print.

Folsom, Ed. “Approaches and Removals: W.S. Merwin’s Encounter with Whitman’s America.” Shenandoah: The Washington & Lee University Review 29.3 (1978): 57-73. Print.

—. “‘I Have Been a Long Time in a Strange Country’: W. S. Merwin and America.” W. S. Merwin: Essays on the Poetry. Ed. Cary Nelson & Ed Folsom. Urbana: U of Illinois P, 1987. 224-249. Print.

—. “W. S. Merwin on Ezra Pound.” The Iowa Review 15.2 (1985): 70-73. Print.

Folsom, Ed, and Cary Nelson. “W. S. Merwin.” American Poetry Observed: Poets on Their Work. Ed. Joe David Bellamy. Urbana: U of Illinois P, 1984. 168-180. Print.

—. “W. S. Merwin on Thoreau.” Thoreau Society Bulletin 203 (1993): 2. Print.

Frawley, William. “Merwin’s Unpunctuated Verse.” Notes on Contemporary Literature 7.4 (1977): 2-3. Print.

Frazier, Jane. From Origin to Ecology:  Nature and the Poetry of W. S. Merwin. Madison: Associated UP, 1999. Print.

—. “Lost Origins: W. S. Merwin’s Poems of Division.” Weber Studies: An Interdisciplinary Humanities Journal 14.2 (1997): 68-76. Print.

—. “W. S. Merwin and the Mysteries of Silence.” South Dakota Review 32.1 (1994): 116-125. Print.

—. “Writing Outside the Self: The Disembodied Narrators of W. S. Merwin.” Style 30.2 (1996): 341-350. Print.

Gordon, Jan B. “The Dwelling of Disappearance: W.S. Merwin’s The Lice.” Modern Poetry Studies 3 (1972): 119-138. Print.

Gorman, Michael. “W. S. Merwin: Translator, Poet: Questions Raised by the W. S. Merwin Translation Papers.” Translation Review 9 (1982): 30-33. Print.

Greer, Michael, and Cary Nelson. “‘St. Vincent’s’: The Biography of a Poem.” W. S. Merwin: Essays on the Poetry. Ed. Cary Nelson & Ed Folsom. Urbana: U of Illinois P, 1987. 296-315. Print.

Gross, Harvey. “The Writing on the Void: The Poetry of W.S. Merwin.” Iowa Review 1.3 (1970): 92-106. Print.

Guy, Sandra M. “W. S. Merwin and the Primordial Elements: Mapping the Journey to Mythic Consciousness.” Midwest Quarterly: A Journal of Contemporary Thought 38.4 (1997): 414-423. Print.

Halbrooks, John. “Fragments of Song: W. S. Merwin and the Troubadours.” TENSO: Bulletin of the Societe Guilhem IX 20.2 (2005): 64-71. Print.

Haskell, Dennis. “The Modern American Poetry of Deep Image.” Southern Review: Literary and Interdisciplinary Essays 12 (1979): 137-166. Print.

Hix, H. L. Understanding W. S. Merwin. Columbia: U of South Carolina P, 1997. Print.

Hoeppner, Edward Haworth. “A Nest of Bones: Transcendence, Topology, and the Theory of the Word in W. S. Merwin’s Poetry.” Modern Language Quarterly: A Journal of Literary History 49.3 (1988): 262-284. Print.

—. “Shadows and Glass: Mirrored Selves in the Poetry of W. S. Merwin and John Ashbery.” Philological Quarterly 65.3 (1986): 311-334. Print.

Hofer, Matthew. “‘Between Worlds’: W.S. Merwin and Paul Celan.” New German Critique: An Interdisciplinary Journal of German Studies 91 (2004): 101-115. Print.

Hummer, T. R. “Roethke and Merwin: Two Voices and the Technique of Nonsense.” Western Humanities Review 33 (1979): 273-280. Print.

Kalaidjian, Walter. “Linguistic Mirages: Language and Landscape in W. S. Merwin’s Later Poetry.” W. S. Merwin: Essays on the Poetry. Ed. Cary Nelson & Ed Folsom. Urbana: U of Illinois P, 1987. 198-223. Print.

King, Kenneth. “W. S. Merwin’s House Abroad: The Troubadour as Householder.” Kentucky Philological Review 19 (2005): 17-23. Print.

Lazer, Hank. “For a Coming Extinction: A Reading of W. S. Merwin’s The Lice.” ELH 49.1 (1982): 262-285. Print.

Libby, Anthony. “Fire and Light, Four Poets to the End and Beyond.” Iowa Review 4.2 (1973): 111-126. Print.

—. “Merwin’s Planet: Alien Voices.” Criticism: A Quarterly for Literature and the Arts 24.1 (1982): 48-63. Print.

—. “W. S. Merwin and the Nothing That Is.” Contemporary Literature 16.1 (1975): 19-40. Print.

Liberthson, Daniel. The Quest for Being: Theodore Roethke, W.S. Merwin, and Ted Hughes. New York: Gordon, 1977. Print.

MacShane, Frank. “A Portrait of W.S. Merwin.” Shenandoah: The Washington & Lee University Review 21.2 (1970): 3-14. Print.

McCorkle, James. The Still Performance: Writing, Self, and Interconnection in Five Postmodern American Poets. Charlottesville: UP of Virginia, 1992. Print.

—. “W. S. Merwin.” American Poets since World War II: Fifth Series. Ed. Joseph Conte. Detroit: Thomson Gale, 1996. 192-214. Print. Dictionary of Literary Biography (DLB): 169.

McFarland, Ronald E. “W.S. Merwin’s ‘Home for Thanksgiving’.” Contemporary Poetry: A Journal of Criticism 2.2 (1977): 38-44. Print.

Messer, Richard E. “W.S. Merwin’s Use of Myth.” Publications of the Arkansas Philological Association 1.3 (1975): 41-48. Print.

Moe, Aaron.  “‘learning my steps’: Zoopoetics and Mass Extinction in W. S. Merwin’s Poetry,” in Zoopoetics: Animals and the Making of Poetry. Lanham: Lexington Books, 2014. Print.

—.“Zoopoetics: A Look at Cummings, Merwin, & the Expanding Field of Ecocriticism.” Humanimalia: A Journal of Human/Animal Interface Studies 3.2 (2012): np. Web.

Molesworth, Charles. “Contemporary Poetry and the Metaphysics for the Poem.” Georgia Review 32 (1978): 319-331. Print.

—. “W. S. Merwin: Style, Vision, Influence.” W. S. Merwin: Essays on the Poetry. Ed. Cary Nelson & Ed Folsom. Urbana: U of Illinois P, 1987. 145-158. Print.

Murad, Timothy. “Translation Error as Critical Insight: Pablo Neruda’s ‘Poema 20’.” Translation Review 15 (1984): 14-20. Print.

Nayar, Pramod K. “Beyond the Rhizome: W. S. Merwin’s ‘A Distance’.” Notes on Contemporary Literature 30.5 (2000): 5-8. Print.

Nelson, Cary. “The Resources of Failure: W. S. Merwin’s Deconstructive Career.” Boundary 2: A Journal of Postmodern Literature and Culture 5.2 (1977): 573-598. Print.

—. “The Resources of Failure: W. S. Merwin’s Deconstructive Career.” W. S. Merwin: Essays on the Poetry. Ed. Cary Nelson & Ed Folsom. Urbana: U of Illinois P, 1987. 78-121. Print.

—. “W. S. Merwin’s Other Career: The Manuscript Archive at the University of Illinois.” W. S. Merwin: Essays on the Poetry. Ed. Cary Nelson & Ed Folsom. Urbana: U of Illinois P, 1987. 317-352. Print.

—. W. S. Merwin’s Other Career: The Manuscript Archive of the University Library, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Urbana: University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1984. Print.

Nelson, Cary, and Ed Folsom, eds. W.S. Merwin:  Essays on the Poetry. Urbana: U of Illinois P, 1987. Print.

Nye, Naomi Shihab. “On the Front Steps of the Hall Where W. S. Merwin Is Reading.” Paintbrush: A Journal of Contemporary Multicultural Literature 18.35 (1991): 53-55. Print.

Perloff, Marjorie. “Apocalypse Then: Merwin and the Sorrows of Literary History.” W. S. Merwin: Essays on the Poetry. Ed. Cary Nelson & Ed Folsom. Urbana: U of Illinois P, 1987. 122-144. Print.

Pettit, Rhonda. “The Three Foxes: Animal Representation and Forms of Intelligence in Poems by James Baker Hall.” Journal of Kentucky Studies 27 (2010): 93-104. Print.

Ramsey, Jarold. “The Continuities of W.S. Merwin: ‘What Has Escaped Us We Bring with Us’.” Massachusetts Review: A Quarterly of Literature, the Arts and Public Affairs 14.3 (1973): 569-590. Print.

Rueckert, William H. “Rereading The Lice: A Journal.” W. S. Merwin: Essays on the Poetry. Ed. Cary Nelson & Ed Folsom. Urbana: U of Illinois P, 1987. 45-64. Print.

Scigaj, Leonard M. “Contemporary Ecological and Environmental Poetry Différance or Référance?” Interdisciplinary Studies in Literature and Environment 3.2 (1996): 1 -25. Web. 19 Dec. 2011.

Sherry, Vincent B. “W.S. Merwin.” Contemporary Literature 21.1 (1980): 159-168. Print.

Simmons, Kenith L. “Rejoicing and Reminiscing: From W. S. Merwin’s The Lice to The Rain in the Trees.” West Virginia University Philological Papers 37 (1991): 178-193. Print.

St. John, David. “The Last Troubadour.” Kenyon Review 19.3-4 (1997): 197-202. Print.

Stiffler, Randall. “‘The Annunciation’ of W. S. Merwin.” Concerning Poetry 16.2 (1983): 55-63. Print.

Thomas, Michael W. “Merwin’s ‘For the Anniversary of My Death’.” Explicator 49.2 (1991): 126-130. Print.

Trengen, Linda, and Gary Storhoff. “Order and Energy in Merwin’s The Drunk in the Furnace.” Concerning Poetry 13.1 (1980): 47-52. Print.

Vogelsang, John. “Toward the Great Language: W.S. Merwin.” Modern Poetry Studies 3 (1972): 97-118. Print.

“W. S. Merwin: A Symposium.” Field: Contemporary Poetry and Poetics 57 (1997): 5-58. Print.

Watkins, Evan. “W. S. Merwin: A Critical Accompaniment.” Boundary 2: A Journal of Postmodern Literature and Culture 4.1 (1975): 186-199. Print.

Weinert, Jonathan, and Kevin Prufer, eds. Until Everything is Continuous Again: American Poets on the Recent Work of W.S. Merwin. Seattle: WordFarm, 2012.

Wheat, Jennifer C. “Preserved in Righteousness? Notes on Living and Teaching in Rural Hawai´i.” Interdisciplinary Studies in Literature and Environment 8.1 (2001): 125 -136. Web. 19 Dec. 2011.

Wojahn, David. “‘If You Have to Be Sure, Don’t Write’: Poetry and Self-Doubt.” Open Book: Essays from the Vermont College Postgraduate Writers Conference. Ed. Kate Fetherston & Roger Weingarten. Newcastle upon Tyne, England: Cambridge Scholars, 2006. 337-354. Print.

Xiaojing, Zhou. “‘Come Ye Not Without Song, Offering, Prayer’: Ecological Ethics in Hawai`ian Songs.” Interdisciplinary Studies in Literature and Environment 16.1 (2009): 3 -22. Web. 19 Dec. 2011.

 

 

 

“‘learning my steps’: Zoopoetics and Mass Extinction in W. S. Merwin’s Poetry,” in Zoopoetics: Animals and the Making of Poetry. Lanham: Lexington Books, 2014.